Exploring the Different Kinds of Springs and their Uses in CNC Machining(weld lines Toby)
- source:TAMIKO CNC Machining
Springs play a crucial role in various industries, including CNC machining. These mechanical devices store and release energy to provide flexibility, control movement, and absorb shock or force. In this article, we will delve into the different kinds of springs used in CNC machining and explore their applications.
1. Compression Springs:
Compression springs are the most common type of spring used in CNC machining. They are designed to resist compression while offering resistance to linear compressive forces. These springs are typically made from materials like stainless steel or alloyed steel and find applications in stamping tools, injection molders, and robotic assemblies within CNC machines.
Production process: To produce compression springs, manufacturers use advanced machinery such as CNC coiling machines. The wire is fed through the machine and cut to the desired length before it's shaped using precision tools. The ends are then ground or closed to ensure optimal performance.
2. Extension Springs:
Extension springs are stretched when a load is applied to them. They store energy and exert a pulling force when extended. In CNC machining, extension springs can be found in mechanical arms, printers, and automotive suspension systems. Stainless steel and other high-tensile alloys are commonly used material choices for extension springs due to their resilience and longevity.
Production process: Crafting extension springs involves feeding a straight metal wire into a CNC coiling machine that coils the wire tightly around a mandrel. Afterward, the formed spring undergoes stress relief treatment to enhance its durability and strength.
3. Torsion Springs:
Torsion springs work by applying torque along a rotating axis. When twisted or turned, they store potential energy. CNC machining employs torsional springs in components such as hinges, balance scales, and ratchets. Their ability to rotate back to their original position makes them efficient tools for resisting rotational forces.
Production process: Crafting torsion springs necessitates winding the selected wire around a mandrel, usually using a CNC coiling machine. After forming, the legs of the spring are commonly bent or attached to various components based on design requirements.
4. Belleville Washers:
Belleville washers, also known as disc springs, are conical-shaped springs primarily utilized in preloading applications. In CNC machining, they find use in optimizing fastener tension, maintaining bolt preload, and dampening vibrations. With their ability to handle high loads within limited spaces, belleville washers are valuable tools in securing critical parts of machinery.
Production process: Creating belleville washers involves precision cutting of metal discs using CNC machines. The cut discs are then stress relieved and shaped into a conical form utilizing hydraulic presses or other specialized equipment.
5. Wave Springs:
Wave springs utilize multiple waves (loops) instead of traditional coils for compact applications where space is limited. Produced from materials like carbon steel or stainless steel alloy, wave springs offer high load-bearing capacity while reducing overall spring height. These springs are employed in CNC machining for valve control, seals, actuators, and pressure relief applications.
Production process: Manufacturing wave springs involves advanced CNC coiling machines that form waves instead of traditional coil shapes. The initial wire is guided through these machines to create waves with precise dimensions required for specific applications.
Springs are versatile mechanical devices that play a significant role in CNC machining operations. Whether it's compression, extension, torsion, belleville, or wave springs, each type offers unique characteristics vital to achieving desired functionality in various industrial applications. By understanding the different kinds of springs used in CNC machining and their production processes, we can appreciate how these small yet powerful components contribute to efficient and reliable manufacturing processes. CNC Milling CNC Machining